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Officer of the hunters on horseback on 1791 in acrylic

Availability: In stock
Product reference: SAPIA 002
With shipment Livraison standard for 0,00 €

120,00 €


It is under the reign of FREDERIC II king of PRUSSIA (1712-1786) that appear the first units of hunters(fighters), established(constituted) primitively in companies of marksmen recruited among his(her) gamekeepers. In the 1738s in 1740 STANISLAS IER LESZCZYNSKI (1677-1766) created in Lorraine a body of hunter(fighter). In 1776 the hunting horn appeared in reminder(abseiling) of their origin and which will stay their mark(brand) until our days.

n France HUNTERS(FIGHTERS) ON HORSEBACK(BY HORSE) go back to Jean Chrétien FISCHER and his named(appointed) volunteers " HUNTERS(FIGHTERS) OF FISCHER " in 1743, the compound body(body composed) of foot soldiers and riders of which will give birth(rise) to " HUNTERS(FIGHTERS) ON FOOT " and in " HUNTERS(FIGHTERS) ON HORSEBACK(BY HORSE) ".

The war of seven years (1756-1753) was finished, all the " LIGHT TROOPS " undergo a total revision. The prescriptions of December 21st, 1762 and March 1st, 1763 organize them in 6 uniform legions including each 17 companies.

On March 25th, 1776 all these legions are dissolved and re-formed in the following way: the companies of riders of Conflans, becomes hussars' regiment of the same name. The companies of dragons of 6 other legions, among 48, are trained(formed) by 24 squadrons of " HUNTERS(FIGHTERS) ON HORSEBACK(BY HORSE) " connected with 24 regiments of dragons.

On January 20th, 1779 these squadrons are removed from the regiments of dragons and train(form) six regiments of " HUNTERS(FIGHTERS) ON HORSEBACK(BY HORSE) " of 4 squadrons each under the numbers from 1 to 6.
On May 8th, 1754 a prescription restores the coeducation(mixing) of the light troops. In each of 6 regiments of hunters(fighters) on horseback(by horse) is connected a battalion of hunter(fighter) on foot with 4 companies until March, 1788.

Under the following naming:

HUNTERS OF THE ALPS (1st regiment).
HUNTERS OF PYRENEES (2nd regiment).
HUNTERS OF VOSGES (3rd regiment).
HUNTERS OF GÉVAUDAN (5th regiment).
HUNTERS OF ARDENNES (6th regiment).

In 1791 sees appointing 3 new regiments and eight others there in 1793. The history of the uniform of hunters on horseback is an example of instability its sudden style of numerous influences for more than 15 years. On 1776 in 1786 the uniform is almost similar to "DRAGONS". In October 1st, 1786: a hat cocked hat special, panties, boots and harness in the "Hungarian". In October 18th, 1788: jacket of white sheet, coat of grey sheet identical to that of the riders. In December 22nd, 1788: replacement of jackets to be recut in vest, white feather on hats. In January 3rd, 1789: adoption of the Prussian hat with white braids or yellow lined with black wool.

In April 2nd, 1789: new proposal of uniform made for the duke of GUINES, whom he(it) approves temporarily: French-style dress. Panties, boots, harness and buffleteries in the Hungarian. Coat and glove in the "Swedish". Belt in bélières without support(medium) of sabretache. Helmet(headphones) to the " TARLETON with stamped(crazy) plate(patch) of a horn(corn).

In November 1st, 1789: dress without lapel(backhand, lapels), in opposite snare and fastened Basque. Pockets are opened upward. White jacket, panties in the Hungarian, the coat green, hat of cavalry. Buffleterie, weapons and harness as in 1786.

In December 1st, 1789: the intention of King being to put an end all the tries(essays) of the new suits(costumes) will be made according to the capacities(measures) of the regulation(payment) of 1786 except the following points: that the dress will be without lapel(backhand, lapels), panties as in 1786 in white braid. Especially and vest deleted(eliminated) and replaced by a sarrot of fatigues dress(fatigues dresses ,wire-mesh), a green vest, hat identical to that of the 1786.

Finally " the temporary instruction of the April 1st(Fools's Day) 1791 realizes the synthesis in the sense(direction) of the economy. We cannot say how many bodies of hunters(fighters) and which dressed(took on) her(it) actually considering the disorders(confusions) of revolutionary period.

THE DRESS: dolman dress in green sheet doubled by cadis white. White for the troop and the money(silver) for the officers, the buttons money(silver) Galonnage.
VEST: of white sheet.
PANTIES: in the Hungarian of green sheet. White stripes(braids) for the troop, the money(silver) for the officers.
BOOTS: of black leather, acorn(glans) and white stripe(braid) for the troop, the money(silver) for the officers.
HELMET(HEADPHONES): of felt-tip or patent leather. The plume is black for the troop in ¾ of its base(basis) and the distinctive color in the summit. The plume is white for the officers.

Bastard's headband(Bastard's banner, Cow skin headband, Cow skin banner), speckled in the paint(painting), in a spirit of imitation of coats of the seal or the leopard for the troop and probably the skin of said animal for the officers. Three-colored(French) rosette the red being outside the blue(bruise) in the center. Down a horn(corn) of brass. On other face a head of lion in brass. Caterpillar of black hair. Visor of black leather.
BUFFLETTERIE: rough belt of white leather, steel boucletterie.
SABRE: frame of brass handle(handful) covered with wood and filigreed. Length of the blade 90,7cm width 3,6 cm. Sheath steel.

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